History of Incheon

Incheon's History

The name of our city that first appeared in history is Michuhol
Michuhol refers to the Michuhol kingdom of Biryu at the time of the establishment of Beakje. However, Michuhole which appeared as an administrative district was under the rule of King Jangsu (413-491) of Goguryeo when it occupied the Han River basin

It belonged to the Yuljin-gun (Gwacheon) during the rule of King Gyeongdeok at the time of the Unified Silla Dynasty and it became part of Soseong-hyeon, Suju (樹州=Bupyeong), Gyeongwon-gun, Inju, Gyeongwon-bu, etc. during the Goryeo Dynasty. In the 13th year of the reign of King Taejong of Joseon, it turned into Incheon-gun with the regional system reorganization, finally the name Incheon (仁川) was adopted.

According to Incheon Dohobu of Dongguk Yeoji Seungnam, Incheon during the Joseon Dynasty, it is recorded that Incheon was 41 ri to the east by the border of Ansan-gun, 34 ri to the border of Siheung-hyeon, 7 ri to the sea on the south, 17 ri to the west by Jemulryang, 24 ri to the north by the border of Bupyeong-gun, and 77 ri from the Gyeongdo (capital city, Seoul).

Chronological Table of Incheon's Modern History

  • 2009
    10. 18 Opened the Incheon Bridge
  • 2007
    04. 17 Host 2014 Asian Games
    03. 23 Opened Incheon International Airport Express
  • 2005
    08. 31 Held the 16th Asian Athletics Championship
  • 2003
    08. 05 Songdo, Youngjong, Cheongra to be designated as the Free Economic Zone
  • 2001
    03. 29 Opened Incheon International Airport
  • 1999
    10. 06 Opened the Incheon subway line No.1
  • 1995
    01. 01 Elevated to Incheon metropolitan city
  • 1992
    09. 02 Saeul Foundation of Culture unveiled the statue of Woohyeon, Go,Yu-seop
  • 1989
    07. 12 Opened the Wolmido cultural street
    01. 01 Incorporation of Youngjong, Yongyu, Gyeyang-myeon to Incheon Metropolitan city
  • 1988
    12. Restored Hwadojin (Hwadojin Park)
  • 1984
    09. 15 Constructed Memorial Hall of Battle of Incheon
  • 1983
    07. 01 Held the 100-year anniversary ceremony for port opening
  • 1982
    07. 17 Opened the Incheon Pro Baseball Game
  • 1981
    07. 01 Elevated to a city under direct control of the central government
  • 1979
    01. 01 Approved the establishment of Incheon Engineering College (Presently, University of Incheon)
  • 1974
    08. 15 Opened Gyeongin Subway Line
  • 1973
    09. 30 Published Incheon city history (1st. 2nd. 3rd volumes)
  • 1970
    02. 03 Implemented no-test, drawing system for entrance to the middle school
  • 1969
    12. 08 Opened Incheon bank (Present Kyunggi Bank)
  • 1968
    12. 21 Opened Gyeongin Highway
  • 1966
    08. 14 Opened the direct Gyeongin bus
    05. 18 Inaugurated the Incheon Philharmonic Orchestra
  • 1965
    12. 17 Excavated the ancient site of Kiln of green celadon, Gyeongseo-dong
  • 1964
    10. 14 Jang, Chang-seon from Incheon won the first Olympic medal (silver medal) in Incheon
  • 1963
    06. 24 Opened Songdo Resort
  • 1962
    08. 15 Started Korean taxis by Saenara Automobile company (Cheongcheon-dong)
  • 1961
    05. 16 Military coup
  • 1960
    04. 19 4.19 Revolution
  • 1959
    07. 01 Newly built Jemulpo Stn. In the Gyeongin Line
  • 1957
    11. 30 Found Juan Dolmen
  • 1955
    12. 23 Established the Song of Incheon Citizens
    03. 01 Awarded the 1st Incheon City Cultural Award
  • 1954
    04. 24 Opened College of Engineering, Inha University
    04. 08 Inauguration of the Korean American Cultural Center (present Incheon cultural center)
  • 1950
    09. 15 Incheon landing of the U.N. Forces
    06. 25 Outbreak of the Korean War
  • 1949
    08. 15 Changed the name from Incheon-bu to Incheon-si
  • 1946
    12. 13 Published the first Korean yellow paper in Incheon
    09. 21 Showed the film, 'Shadow-less devil' in Pyogwan by Incheon Construction Film Company
    04. 01 Opened Incheon Metropolitan City Museum
  • 1945
    10. 07 Published the first issue of the first Korean newspaper, Daejung ilbo', in Incheon
    08. 15 Restoration of Independence
  • 1941
    01. 14 Established Eunyeonghae (Photo art Group)
  • 1937
    08. 06 Sujin-line (Incheon-Suwon)
  • 1934
    06. 30 Established Incheon Civil Ballpark (Dowon-dong)
  • 1933
    10. Published 'Incheonbusa'
  • 1932
    02. 15 Published Gangdoji (江都誌) first and second volumes (Incheon Yirim Sangheo)
  • 1927
      Dolmen in Munhak-ri
  • 1924
    05. 09 Established Korean-managed motion picture theater, 'Aegwan' in Oe-ri
  • 1919
    03. 06 Student demonstration from Incheon public general school and Incheon public commercial school
  • 1918
    10. 27 Building dock of Incheon port
  • 1917
    02. 26 Established Joseoninchon Co., Ltd. (matchstick manufacturing)
  • 1912
    05. 11 First assembled train (Moga-type)
  • 1907
      Built the first bay salt in Korea (Juan)
  • 1906
    08. 07 Constructed Wolmido bridge
  • 1905
      Built James Johnston villa (Incheongak)
  • 1904
    02. 09 Outbreak of war of Russia to Japan on the coastal waters of Incheon
  • 1902
    12. 22 Departure of the 1st Hawaii emigration ship from the Incheon port
    06. 01 Opened the phone line in Incheon bu Bunae(府內)
  • 1899
    12. 29 Established Yongmi Yeoncho plant
    09. 18 Opened Gyeongin-line (Incheon-Noryangjin)
  • 1897
    03. 22 Held a groundbreaking ceremony in Gyeongin-line railway (Woogak-ri)
  • 1896
    11. 04 Held consecration for Catholic church at Dap-dong
  • 1895
    06. 27 Established Hanseong Foreign Language center's Incheon branch (present Incheon High School)
  • 1893
    03. 12 Established Incheon Yeonghwa General school
    02. Founded 'Townsent', rice mill
    01. Established Yiunsa (steamship company), the first modern shipping industry
  • 1892
    12. 04 Opened Incheon telephone office
  • 1890
    01. 28 Report of Incheon's promotion to the level of Gyeongseong (capital city)
  • 1889
      Established the first Korean printing store, 'Incheon Hwalpanso',
      Opened the first western hotel, Daebul Hotel
  • 1888
    11. 09 Confirmed the first western park (Jayu Park)
  • 1885
    07. 19 Established Nari church
    04. 05 Arrival of Appenzeller, Underwood missionaries at Jemulpo
  • 1884
      Built a private building, Sechangyangheng, the first Korean western building
    11. Opened Incheon Post Office branch
  • 1883
    10. Established the Japanese consulate building
    02. 19 Established Japan-jigye
    01. 01 Opened the Incheon port